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Biological Sciences Open Educational Resources

Principles of Biology - An Introduction to Biological Concepts (BIO123)

An Introduction to Biological Concepts has been modified from several OpenStax textbooks including Concepts of Biology, Biology 2E, Microbiology and Anatomy and Physiology. Each textbook can be accessed for free in its original form by clicking on the link:  The OpenStax textbooks are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0. The images, photos, graphs, etc. used in this textbook have each been individually attributed. Images, photos, graphs, etc. have different creative commons licenses and have been licensed according to their original authors. An attribution table can be located on the last pages of this textbook.

Any questions about an Open Education Resource textbook can be sent to biology faculty member Elizabeth (Liz) O'Grady via email:

View the Principles of Biology – An Introduction to Biological Concepts Textbook (PDF)

 Creative Commons (CC) License BY NC SA

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